Population-level analyses cannot tell us anything about individual-level marijuana-opioid substitution


Livingston et al.1 studied the state-level correlation between opioid overdose deaths and recreational marijuana legislation. In the article’s introduction, the authors claim that the study will contribute to the literatureon whether cannabis is substituted for opioids in pain management, and the reader is given the premise that “with this substitution, an immediate reduction in opioid-related poisonings would be expected.
Theodore L. Caputi
Theodore L. Caputi
Economics & Health Researcher

My research interests include distributed robotics, mobile computing and programmable matter.